<img height="1" width="1" style="display:none;" alt="" src="https://dc.ads.linkedin.com/collect/?pid=217082&amp;fmt=gif">
2 min read

What electrophysiology brings to preclinical studies

Featured Image

Neurons communicate with each other as well as other muscles and organs through electrical events called action potentials and neurochemical transmitters. A synapse is the junction between two neurons where an action potential will cause one neuron to release a neurochemical transmitter that will either excite or inhibit the adjacent neuron from firing its own action potential.  

These action potentials are the main means of communication between neurons. In an intact brain, it is the balance of these inhibitory and excitatory inputs to a neuron that determines if an action potential will occur. 

Using electrophysiology, we are able to study these neuronal signals in pain and CNS disorders. Evoked potentials (EP) measure the electrophysiological responses of the nervous system to external stimuli and provide information on both peripheral and central nervous system pathways. Evoked potential responses consist of a sequence of peaks and waves that are characterized by latency, amplitude, and intervals between peaks. 

electropysiology recording

Measuring evoked potentials in animal models provides an objective physiological marker of clinically relevant abnormalities in the sensory or motor systems. Sensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) are used to increase knowledge about nociception and pain. SEPs evoked by high intensity stimuli are believed to reflect the processing of noxious stimuli, correlating well with subjective pain ratings in the clinical situation, the instance of pain in animals, and the alterations observed by therapeutic treatments in both the clinical and preclinical situation. SEPs are therefore considered to be a potential method for quantifying acute pain as well as differentiating the sensory and affective component of acute pain. 


 

New call-to-action

 


Motor evoked potentials (MEP) are neuroelectrical signals that are produced by the spinal cord or peripheral muscles and provide an objective assessment of motor function integrity. Stimulation of the motor cortex produces a response in a targeted muscle and the latency of the response indicates the time for the impulse to reach that targeted muscle. It has been shown to have good correlation to neurological deficits in both human and animal. 

Measuring both SEPs and MEPs, we are able to measure nerve regeneration, degeneration and protection in response to various treatments. For example, in EAE studies for MS, we are able to measure pain in animals that have limited mobility by correlating vocalization to SEP amplitude. 

Correlation of vocalization and P25_MOG-EAE

SEP readings also show changes prior to motor dysfunction. This suggests that onset of disease may begin prior to what is seen in clinical scores, providing insight into when therapeutic treatment should start for greater efficacy. 

Electrophysiology amplitude

The field of pain and CNS research has advanced tremendously over the past decade, however is still challenged by low drug approval rates compared to other therapeutic areas. In vivo electrophysiology is a clinically relevant readout that allows us to study the function and connectivity of neurons, reveal abnormalities, and assess whether drug candidates can restore normal neural function.

Interested in how your preclinical study would benefit from electrophysiology monitoring?

Speak with a scientist







Related Posts

Inflammatory Mediators & Neuropathic Pain Models

Neuropathic pain is a chronic pain condition caused by lesion or inflammation affecting the...

Cell Types Involved in ischemic Neuroinflammation

Post-stroke neuroinflammation is a very complex phenomenon involving multiple resident and...

Monitoring pain in EAE animals experiencing paralysis

Many neurodegenerative diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis, ALS, and Rhett Syndrome involve...